Clinical Elective in Sri Lanka

1. Februar 2019 at 11:34

Jakob Riedl, Medical University of Graz, Austria

by Jakob Riedl.

In summer 2015 a good friend of mine and I decided to do a clinical elective abroad. After reading plenty of elective reports we chose the Karapitiya Hospital in Galle, Sri Lanka, for our internship. There were a few reasons for our choice. First of all, English is one of the administrative languages in Sri Lanka. It makes communication particularly between doctors and students much easier. Also, we were curious about the healthcare system in a low-income country and wanted to deepen our knowledge in infectious diseases. Last but not least, the fact that this country offers a great variability in terms of culture and landscape attracted us.

Sri Lanka is a former British colony in the Indian ocean with a population of approximately 20 million. There are three official languages there: Sinhala, Tamil and English.  In the 2nd century BC, Buddhism was introduced to the inhabitants of this island and so around 70% of them are Buddhists by now. In the northern part of the country Hinduism is dominant. Sri Lanka was a British colony until February 1948, when it became independent. There was a 25 years lasting conflict, known as the Sri Lankan civil war, but today this country has one of the fastest growing economies in the world.

Organisation

On the official homepage of the hospital you can find a perfect step-by-step description of the application process for a clinical elective. Nevertheless, I would recommend arranging enough time for the application as it often takes weeks till you get a response from the contact person. Another option which we have eventually chosen, was to call and try to reach a person responsible for the organization of the electives (use Skype, otherwise the costs will be high). This step can accelarate your application process.
Then you should apply for a visa, which is required for doing an internship in Sri Lanka. It costs USD 25 and is valid for 30 days. After applying on the official homepage it will be sent to you via mail.

The last step will be transferring a service fee of EUR 20 to the hospital. The elective fee of USD 50 per week can be paid on the first day of the elective. A special insurance for the elective is not necessary as visiting students are not allowed to do any invasive procedures, however a travel insurance can be considered. Here I would like to recommend the “Europäische Reiseversicherung”, which offers good deals.

Clinical Elective

We decided to do our elective on the general medicine ward, which turned out to be a good decision. Although the elective was not too stressful, we still learnt a lot about how to treat various infectious diseases and how medicine works in a low-income country.

As a visiting student you are not allowed to perform any invasive procedures such as taking blood samples. Our main tasks were taking the history of English speaking patients, performing the physical exam and presenting the case to the attending.

The working day usually started around half past seven. Usually we had one hour to examine patients and to discuss cases with the local students, who are very helpful and motivated. They always took time to answer our questions. Often, they even helped us by taking the history of non-English speaking patients. The ward round with attending doctors started around 9 a.m. and was always very educational. During ward rounds, doctors speak only English and invest a lot of time in bed side teaching and explaining different diseases, such as classical tropical diseases like dengue fever, malaria and leptospirosis, but also various neurology cases.

The attendings have always been friendly and were trying to involve visiting students in the case discussions. Unfortunately, both doctors and students often speak very quiet and with a strong accent, which makes it hard to follow sometimes and to understand everything. After the ward round we had time to visit lectures or to examine patients on our own. The ward is separated in a female and a male section. For both sections there is one team of doctors and students. As a visiting student you can choose every day which team you want to follow. Since Karapitiya is a public hospital, patients are mostly poor people who cannot afford to go to private hospitals. They were very thankful for getting medical treatment and often reacted enthusiastically when we told them that we are from Austria. Most of the patients are aged 50 or older.

Commonly seen diseases at the general medicine ward are all kinds of infectious diseases such as tuberculosis, dengue fever, malaria, severe pneumonia, leptospirosis etc. but also chronic heart failure, COPD, liver cirrhosis and various neurology cases. We even had the chance to examine one patient suffering from Kartagener syndrome, a rare genetic disorder characterized by the triad of situs inversus, chronic sinusitis and bronchiectasis.

Living

© Jakob Riedl

As we did not want to live in the city of Galle where the hospital is located, we decided to rent a small apartment in Unawatuna, a nice village on the beach 5 km from the hospital. We booked our apartment in advance, which however is not necessary as there are plenty of places for rent. The easiest way to get to the hospital from there is to go by rickshaw. The ride takes around 30 minutes and costs USD 2. A cheaper alternative is to take a bus, but it takes way longer.

© Jakob Riedl

Things to do

Sri Lanka offers a lot in terms of outdoor activities, landscape and culture. We went swimming at postcard-like beaches, explored ancient Buddhist temples or just roamed around the picturesque old city of Galle. Especially for sportsmen Sri Lanka is the place to be. I personally can recommend scuba diving in Unawatuna and surfing on Sahana Beach, a perfect spot for beginners.

On the homepage of Sri Lanka Travel you can find useful information regarding leisure time activities. I would also suggest acquiring an informative guidebook. My favourite is Lonely Planet, which is very detailed and aimed at backpackers and low-cost travelers. On the homepage of Lonely Planet you can also find useful travel reports and blogs about Sri Lanka.

Expenses

The local currency is called rupee with an exchange rate of 186 rupees for EUR 1 (12.07.2018). Sri Lanka is a very affordable country. For a nice place to sleep you pay around EUR 10 per night, a good meal costs less than EUR 5 and public transport is almost free. For a 6 hours train ride we paid less than EUR 2.

Flights cost around EUR 400 and can be booked on various flight search engines such as skyscanner. We took our flight with the Emirates Airline from Munich to Colombo with a short stop in Dubai. In total we spend only EUR 1500 (flights and everything included) for having four amazing weeks in this beautiful country.

Costs for 4 weeks

Flight: around  EUR 400
Apartment (per person) around EUR 250 p.p
Food and drinks: around EUR  150
Transport: around EUR  80
Fees for 2 weeks of clinical elective: around EUR 120
Activities (safari, diving, surfing, etc.) around EUR 400 – 500
Total: around EUR 1500-1600

 

Conclusion

© Jakob Riedl

Summarizing the above, we had two great weeks at the Karapitiya Hospital. I can fully recommend doing an elective there to every medicine student, who wants to get a great insight in the medical system of a low-income country or is interested in the diagnosis and treatment of tropical diseases.

Interesting websites

Here you can download the experience report as PDF file.

If you are interested in working abroad as a medical student or doctor, click here for more information.


Published in GI-Mail 02/2019 (German edition). Sign up for GI-Mail here.  

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